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The origins of the Golden Retriever

agosto 21, 2021

The origins of the Golden Retriever are traceable in 1865, the year in which the yellow Retriever purchased by the Scottish Lord Tweedmouth was crossed with different breeds and in particular with the Tweed Water Spaniel, a breed that has now disappeared. The goal was to conquer specimens with an exceptional nose, perfect retrievers on land and in water.

Although it is not yet widespread in Italy, the Golden Retriever coat he conquered England and many other European and North American countries. The official integration of the Golden Retriever into the Kennel Group’s Sporting Group in 1913 led to the spread of the dog breed and the founding of a breed association, the Golden Retriever Club. Although registered and recognized as a unique breed, the Golden Retriever features a other variant besides the English one: the American Golden Retriever.

In the United States, the Golden Retriever comes up with several features: slightly higher size and weight, less massive structure, slightly darker color and slightly thinner hair. Quite similar to the US typology, i Canadian Golden Retrievers they are often taller and leaner, but they are distinguished by the density and color of their coat, which is much thinner and darker than that of American dogs. Today the Golden Retriever looks like a medium-sized dog with a long, wavy coat. A male specimen of Golden Retriever measures about 56-61 cm at the withers and has a weight of about 30 kg; a female Golden Retriever measures about 51-56 at the withers and weighs about 27 kg.

Golden retriever, character and behavior

The Golden Retriever is a dog from sweet and affectionate character. Thanks to their loyal and faithful disposition, the Golden Retriever makes an excellent family dog ​​and an amiable playmate for children. The excellent olfactory abilities and the extreme dynamism make it a dog extremely appreciated by hunting enthusiasts. The stand out intelligence of the Golden Retriever places him among the most brilliant dogs for obedience and training such as Border Collie, Poodle and German Shepherd. In this sense, Golden Retrievers are often excellent guide dogs for the blind and a valuable aid in pet therapy for both children and adults. It should be noted that the Golden Retriever is an apartment dog but not a guard or defense dog, despite its size.

Golden retriever puppies

A puppy of Golden Retriever looks like a small “Trudi”, a soft and cuddly pile of fur. Once separated from their mother and abandoned on the farm, the Golden Retriever needs attention, care and exercise. Entering his new home must be quiet and not stressful, a time when it is necessary to allow him to explore the environment in total autonomy. Despite the Golden Retriever puppies have the typical docile and lovable character, it is essential to always turn to serious and certified breeders that select Golden Retrievers.

Responsible breeding carefully selects Golden Retriever puppies in order to avoid altered traits or genetic diseases such as obesity and hip dysplasia. Among other things, the breeder provides useful advice about the care, feeding and maintenance of the Golden Retriever specimen (weight gain in 2-5 months, reduced calcium and phosphorus intake, etc.). The price of a Golden Retriever puppy it is variable. If we are talking about a Gold Retriever puppy with documents and pedigree, the cost is around 500 -1100 euros.


L’feeding the Golden Retriever it must be managed in a “rigid” manner. The risk of the specimen showing the first signs of obesity and joint problems is too high. Before drawing up a balanced nutritional program it is necessary to weigh the specimen just arrived, estimate the weight it will gain as an adult and then repeat the action every 15 days. Only in this way will it be possible to choose the appropriate feed for the Golden Retriever puppy: energy content, proteins, fats, essential fatty acids, phosphorus, calcium and so on. In this sense it is better to rely on quality croquettes on the market, a nourishment already balanced and dosed in its nutrients.

Grooming and hygiene

L’hygiene and cleanliness of the Golden Retriever’s coat it is very simple but requires a certain constancy, at least to maintain that golden color and that fringing that we often fall in love with. To keep his coat looking its best, it is important to brush and trim him regularly. The coat of the Golden Retriever it must be brushed at least three times a week and in the moulting phase it needs more frequent brushing to avoid the accumulation of dead hair and knots, which cause skin inflammation. It will thus become easier to check the dog’s ears and nails and to deal with normal cleaning and hygiene operations.


Health, checks and vaccinations

From the genetic point of view, the pathologies most common in the Golden Retriever dog are: hip and elbow dysplasia, bone cancer, lymphoma and cardiovascular disorders, epilepsy and seizures. Many diseases such as hip dysplasia are not directly caused by a “bad” genetic profile, often due to wild selections imposed by unscrupulous breeders, but a lifestyle devoted to inertia and laziness. The Golden Retriever is a dog with a ‘average life expectancy very low equal to 9-10 years of life. Contacting an accredited breeding farm, maintaining a lasting relationship with the breeder and the veterinarian (calendar of vaccinations, deworming and pesticide treatments) and increasing the time devoted to physical exercise remains the only way to make the specimen live longer. Golden Retriever.

Characteristics of the golden retriever

  • Head The head is well proportioned and well chiseled, with a broad skull without being heavy and a nice attachment to the neck.
  • Eyes The eyes should be dark brown and set well apart with dark eyelids.
  • Ears Ears of medium size and set approximately at eye level.
  • Mouth The jaws must be perfect with a complete scissor bite (the upper teeth are implanted perpendicular to the jaws).
  • Neck The neck must be of good length, clean and muscular.
  • Trunk The body is well balanced with short loins, chest deep in the sternum region. Ribs are well dropped and shaped. Cow hocks are penalizing factors.
  • Tail The tail must be attached and carried at the level of the back, reaches the hock but does not curl at the tip.
  • Front limbs The forelegs must be straight and with good bone.
  • Hind limbs The hind legs must be strong and muscular with the hocks well let down, not turned in or out.
  • Feet Both front and rear feet should be round and cat-like.
  • Coat and color The coat is flat or wavy with nice fringes, while the undercoat is dense and waterproof. A Golden Retriever’s coat color can be any tone or cream (White Golden Retriever, Brown Golden Retriever, Golden Retriever honey, Hazelnut Golden Retriever and so on); however, it must not be red or mahogany. The presence of some white hair is admitted only on the chest. A black specimen for example is not allowed in official standard of the Golden Retriever.

Comparison with Labrador and Border Collie

This splendid intelligent, proud and affable dog breed is often compared with other breeds equally appreciated as excellent and faithful four-legged friends.

Labrador and / or Golden Retriever: although similar, these two breeds have notable different traits. Although very similar to each other, the appearance of these two dogs is completely different. The Labrador, despite his weight and height, does not have a great muscle gain in the growth phase. It has a sturdy build and its weight can vary from 25 kg to 40 kg depending on the sex of the specimen in question. The characteristic of the Labrador lies in the appearance of its head: it has a broad and tempered skull, with pendulous and triangular ears with a rear attachment. Its coat is dense and short, without undulations or fringes; to the touch it gives the impression of being very rough, with a weatherproof undercoat. The coat color is entirely black, yellow or brown.

First of all the Golden Retriever it has several different variants in terms of tonnage, hair and color, namely the British, the US and the Canadian. However, the Golden Retriever looks like a dog with a strong and resilient build and a weight less than that of a Labrador (24-35 kg). Unlike the Labrador, the Golden Retriever’s coat comes as flat or wavy with nice fringes and a thick, waterproof undercoat. The color of the coat is any tone of thegold or cream.

Border Collie or Golden Retriever: both dog breeds are endowed with a marked intelligence, a quality that allows their use in human support activities such as search and rescue, pet therapy and the like. Although physically they appear completely different, their trainability and easily manageable temperament make them talented four-legged friends.