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What colors can border collies be?

Let’s see what the main dog breeders say about the color of the Border Collie.

It is worth noting that the dog breeding associations have different opinions on this and not all of them have the same broad breeding standards.

Do all kennel clubs recognize the same Border Collie colors?

The different kennel clubs differ slightly when it comes to accepted Border Collie colors. Here are the recognized colors of some of the major ones:

  • American Kennel Club: AKC recognizes 17 different standard colors for these dogs. They are: black, blue, blue merle, brindle, gold, lilac, red, red merle, sable, sable merle, saddleback sable, white and black, white and blue, white and blue merle, white and red, white and red merle , and marked in white. The non-standard Border Collie colors are: seal, slate, white and gold, white and sable, and white and seal.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: According to the CKC, a variety of coat colors are allowed. However, white should never be the dominant coat color.
  • United Kennel Club: Black and red are the most common colors. Less dominant colors are grey, blue merle, red merle, lemon and sable. Border Collies may only have a white trim and may have brown points.

What are the standard colors of Border Collies according to different kennel clubs?

The best way to identify if the Border Collie you have purchased is not a mix of any kind is to look at the breed standard published by the leading kennel clubs. Your dog should exhibit one of the acceptable coat colors and not some other shade or combination that is not allowed.

I extracted the content of the breed standard issued by the AKC, UKC, CKC and FCI and tabulated them below for your ease of understanding.

Blue and White Border Collie

Keep in mind that the «blue» in these dogs is not really blue. It’s mostly what you call Border Collies when they have the recessive dilute gene. In other words, it is when the black color of the Border Collie has been diluted.

Again, two copies of this recessive gene must be present for the puppy to have this color. Each parent must have a copy of this gene for this to happen.

Red Border Collie

Also called Australian/Aussie red, golden, yellow, liver or brown, this color is not so popular. Although rare, this Border Collie color is recognized in the United States.

The red color is a recessive gene and Borders that have this color have parents that also have the same color.